Over the years, celebrities such as Robert Wagner, Alex Trebek and Fred Thompson have touted reverse mortgages as a way to supplement a senior's fixed income by tapping equity that has accrued in their home. But here's another, less common use of reverse mortgages that these celebrities may not have mentioned in their commercials: buying a new home. And in some cases, seniors can still hold on to their old homes, too.
In 2009, the Federal Housing Administration introduced a new product called the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage for Purchase,
From October 2013 through June 2014, more than 40,000 reverse mortgages were originated, according to the FHA. But only 3.3% of those were used to buy another home.
"It's new and just catching on," says Peter Bell, president and CEO of the National Reverse Mortgage Lenders Association. "I recommend to all seniors that if they are age-eligible and considering purchasing a home, they should at least look at the option."
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Who can use a reverse mortgage?
A reverse mortgage is a type of mortgage in which a homeowner can borrow money against the value of his or her home. No repayment of the mortgage (principal or interest) is required until the borrower dies or the home is sold.
But reverse mortgages aren't for everyone. In fact, they were specifically designed for older Americans whose net worth was tied up in the homes they already owned. Seniors can use a reverse mortgage to purchase a new home, too, while keeping their existing one.
"Some seniors may want to live closer to family but don't want to give up their original home," says Maggie O'Connell, reverse mortgage specialist at ReverseMortgageStore.com. "It could work well for snowbirds or those who want to live in a state with no taxes on income or retirement funds."
Below are some key points you'll want to know about reverse mortgages before applying for one.
Borrower requirements under HECM for Purchase to get a reverse mortgage are:
The property must pass certain requirements, such as meeting all FHA standards and flood requirements.
Types of eligible dwellings under HECM for Purchase:
Any new construction requires a certificate of occupancy, NRMLA's Bell says. Right now, you can't get reverse mortgages on homes that are to be built by a developer, he says.
How this reverse mortgage works
The reverse mortgage can cover 47% to 52% of the home's purchase price, says Julie Didyoung, a HECM for Purchase specialist at Reverse Mortgage Funding. The buyer has to come up with the rest from retirement accounts, gift money or savings.
The amount you can borrow under HECM for Purchase in a reverse mortgage depends on:
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